在Cisco路由器上配置RIPng路由协议

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在Cisco路由器上配置RIPng路由协议


     下面我们将以Cisco路由器为例来演示如何配置IPv6下的RIPng路由协议,本次实验采用三台Router,router1.ipv6.la、router2.ipv6.la、router3.ipv6.la均运行RIPng路由协议,每台Router上均起一个Loopback1接口,发布至RIPng路由协议中。具体的组网图如下所示:


   


实验组网图与IPv6地址分配


    各设备的接口IPv6地址地址与接口编号请对照下图查看:


   


配置思路与流程说明:


在每台设备上开启IPV6功能:ipv6 unicast-routing


在每台设备上创建RIPng进程号100:ipv6 router  rip   100


在相应接口下开启IPv6:ipv6 enable,并配置IPv6地址:ipv6 address  1::1/128


在相应的接口下使能RIPng路由协议:ipv6 rip 100 enable


router1.ipv6.la的配置步骤:


router1.ipv6.la con0 is now available


Press RETURN to get started.


router1.ipv6.la>


router1.ipv6.la>

enable


router1.ipv6.la#

conf t


Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.


router1.ipv6.la(config)#

ipv6 unicast-routing


router1.ipv6.la(config)#

ipv6 router rip  100


router1.ipv6.la(config-rtr)#

exit


router1.ipv6.la(config)#

interface loopback1


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#


*Aug 18 21:39:56.047: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up


*Aug 18 21:39:57.047: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 enable


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 address  1::1/128


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 rip 100 enable


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#

exit


router1.ipv6.la(config)#

interface gigabitEthernet 0/0


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 enable


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 address 1002::1/64


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 rip 100 enable


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#

no shutdown


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#


*Aug 18 21:41:12.455: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up


*Aug 18 21:41:13.455: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up


router1.ipv6.la(config-if)#


router2.ipv6.la的配置步骤:


router2.ipv6.la con0 is now available


Press RETURN to get started.


router2.ipv6.la>


router2.ipv6.la>

enable


router2.ipv6.la#

config t


Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.


router2.ipv6.la(config)#

ipv6 unicast-routing


router2.ipv6.la(config)#

ipv6 router rip  100


router2.ipv6.la(config-rtr)#

exit


router2.ipv6.la(config)#

interface loopback1


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#


*Aug 18 21:42:29.287: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 enable


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 address 2::2/128


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 rip 100 enable


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

exit


router2.ipv6.la(config)#

interface gigabitEthernet  0/0


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 enable


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 address 1002::2/64


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 rip 100 enable


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

no shutdown


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#


*Aug 18 21:44:07.651: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up


*Aug 18 21:44:08.651: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#


*Aug 18 21:44:10.399: %OSPFv3-5-ADJCHG: Process 100, Nbr 1.1.1.1 on GigabitEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

exit


router2.ipv6.la(config)#

interface gigabitEthernet  1/0


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 enable


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6  address 2003::1/64


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 rip 100 enable


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

no shutdown


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#


*Aug 18 21:44:58.571: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to up


*Aug 18 21:44:59.571: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to up


router2.ipv6.la(config-if)#

exit


router2.ipv6.la(config)#


router3.ipv6.la的配置步骤:


router3.ipv6.la con0 is now available


Press RETURN to get started.


router3.ipv6.la>


router3.ipv6.la>

en


router3.ipv6.la#

conf t


Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.


router3.ipv6.la(config)#

ipv6 unicast-routing


router3.ipv6.la(config)#

ipv6 router rip  100


router3.ipv6.la(config-rtr)#

exit


router3.ipv6.la(config)#

interface loopback1


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#


*Aug 18 21:46:54.855: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up


*Aug 18 21:46:55.855: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 enable


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 address 3::3/128


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 rip 100 enable


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#

exit


router3.ipv6.la(config)#

interface gigabitEthernet  0/0


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 enable


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6 address 2003::2/64


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#

ipv6  rip 100 enable


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#

no shutdown


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#


*Aug 18 21:48:03.763: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up


*Aug 18 21:48:04.763: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up


*Aug 18 21:48:06.731: %OSPFv3-5-ADJCHG: Process 100, Nbr 2.2.2.2 on GigabitEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done


router3.ipv6.la(config-if)#^Z


router3.ipv6.la#


查看各设备IPv6路由表与RIPng的database


所有设备之间的RIPng路由协议已按照组网图配置完毕,我们可以在router1.ipv6.la上查看RIPng的database,


并查看IPv6路由表,也能学到router2.ipv6.la与router3.ipv6.la上面的loopback接口,


ping  router3.ipv6.la上面的loopback接口ipv6地址,均能正常通讯


router1.ipv6.la#

show ipv6 rip database


RIP process “100”, local RIB


2::2/128, metric 2, installed


     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs


3::3/128, metric 3, installed


     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs


1002::/64, metric 2


     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs


2003::/64, metric 2, installed


     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs


router1.ipv6.la#

show ipv6 route


IPv6 Routing Table – default – 7 entries


Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route


       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1


       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP


       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery


       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2


       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2


LC  1::1/128 [0/0]


     via Loopback1, receive


R   2::2/128 [120/2]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0


R   3::3/128 [120/3]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0


C   1002::/64 [0/0]


     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected


L   1002::1/128 [0/0]


     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive


R   2003::/64 [120/2]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0


L   FF00::/8 [0/0]


     via Null0, receive


router1.ipv6.la#

show ipv6 route rip


IPv6 Routing Table – default – 7 entries


Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route


       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1


       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP


       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery


       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2


       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2


R   2::2/128 [120/2]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0


R   3::3/128 [120/3]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0


R   2003::/64 [120/2]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0


router1.ipv6.la#


router1.ipv6.la#

ping ipv6 3::3


Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 3::3, timeout is 2 seconds:


.!!!!


Success rate is 80 percent (4/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 272/508/852 ms


router1.ipv6.la#


查看router2.ipv6.la上面的RIPng database与IPv6路由表:


router2.ipv6.la#

show ipv6 rip database


RIP process “100”, local RIB


1::1/128, metric 2, installed


     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 166 secs


3::3/128, metric 2, installed


     GigabitEthernet1/0/FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, expires in 170 secs


1002::/64, metric 2


     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 166 secs


2003::/64, metric 2


     GigabitEthernet1/0/FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, expires in 170 secs


router2.ipv6.la#

show ipv6 route


IPv6 Routing Table – default – 8 entries


Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route


       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1


       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP


       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery


       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2


       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2


R   1::1/128 [120/2]


     via FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0


LC  2::2/128 [0/0]


     via Loopback1, receive


R   3::3/128 [120/2]


     via FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, GigabitEthernet1/0


C   1002::/64 [0/0]


     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected


L   1002::2/128 [0/0]


     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive


C   2003::/64 [0/0]


     via GigabitEthernet1/0, directly connected


L   2003::1/128 [0/0]


     via GigabitEthernet1/0, receive


L   FF00::/8 [0/0]


     via Null0, receive


router2.ipv6.la#

show ipv6 route rip


IPv6 Routing Table – default – 8 entries


Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route


       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1


       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP


       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery


       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2


       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2


R   1::1/128 [120/2]


     via FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0


R   3::3/128 [120/2]


     via FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, GigabitEthernet1/0


router2.ipv6.la#


查看router3.ipv6.la上面的的RIPng database与IPv6路由表:


router3.ipv6.la#

show ipv6 rip database


RIP process “100”, local RIB


1::1/128, metric 3, installed


     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs


2::2/128, metric 2, installed


     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs


1002::/64, metric 2, installed


     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs


2003::/64, metric 2


     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs


router3.ipv6.la#

show ipv6 route


IPv6 Routing Table – default – 7 entries


Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route


       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1


       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP


       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery


       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2


       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2


R   1::1/128 [120/3]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0


R   2::2/128 [120/2]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0


LC  3::3/128 [0/0]


     via Loopback1, receive


R   1002::/64 [120/2]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0


C   2003::/64 [0/0]


     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected


L   2003::2/128 [0/0]


     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive


L   FF00::/8 [0/0]


     via Null0, receive


router3.ipv6.la#

show ipv6 route rip


IPv6 Routing Table – default – 7 entries


Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route


       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1


       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP


       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery


       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2


       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2


R   1::1/128 [120/3]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0


R   2::2/128 [120/2]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0


R   1002::/64 [120/2]


     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0


router3.ipv6.la#



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